Types of Roofing

There are many different types of Roofing Frisco TX. There are asphalt shingles and roll roofing, and both types of granules to protect them. Roofing materials are also divided into two types: open valleys and closed valleys. Open valley roofing includes asphalt shingles that do not cover the entire valley area, while closing valley roofs use metal or other roofing materials to cover the entire valley. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages. Listed below are some of the different types of roofing materials.


Stone lintels have been used to support roofs since prehistoric times. They cannot span a large distance but are good for smaller spaces. The ancient Romans made extensive use of stone arch structures. These forms were up to 45 meters long and contained ribs. Stone arch structures dominated most major architectural works for about two thousand years until the Industrial Revolution brought about the use of iron beams in roofing. The Crystal Palace, for example, used clay roofs.

Before synthetic products took over, asphalt-saturated felt was the preferred roofing material until about fifteen years ago. Since then, other materials have replaced asphalt-saturated felt. Asphalt is made from petroleum residue and has the unique property to repel water. It provides extra weather protection and fire resistance but also deteriorates easily, making it a poor choice for flat surfaces. However, many people prefer asphalt over natural fibers. These two materials are similar in appearance.

Roll roofing is a common roofing material for low-slope residential roofs. It costs approximately $1.50 per square foot, and it lasts around 10 years. Built-up roofing is one of the oldest types of flat roofing. It consists of several layers of asphalt-impregnated roofing felt. These layers are overlapped. Then, finely crushed stone is inserted into the hot tar to create a sturdy roof. There are also different types of asphalt-impregnated felt, including SBS.

Asphalt-based shingles are an example of a built-up roof. The asphalt-based roofing material is made of several layers of ply sheets, which are bonded together using hot asphalt. The shingles are applied vertically, in rows and bundles. During this process, they are stacked vertically up the roof using a technique called racking. Rafters are the framing members that slope from the ridge of the roof to the wall plate.

Before attempting to replace the existing roof, it is essential to have the proper physical strength. If you have a fear of heights, don’t go on this project! Test your abilities on a ladder and carry a bundle of shingles to ensure that you’re physically fit. Having a solid body helps prevent injuries and accidents. You also need to be comfortable working at heights. In case of any injury or accident, you should wear gloves and a respirator to prevent backache.

Besides materials, there are also other things to consider before choosing a roofing material. First, determine the slope of the roof. Some types of roofs require a steep pitch, while others provide excellent weather protection at low angles. In such cases, the installation of drainpipes may be necessary. In addition to this, make sure you hire a professional roofer, as any damage to the roofing material will have a negative impact on the interior and exterior of the home.

Secondly, consider the cost. Wooden roofs are very expensive, but they have their limitations. They are not long-lasting and are not recommended in climates with excessive moisture or wildfire risks. Despite their high price, wood roofs are still among the most attractive roofing materials and are often chosen for luxury homes. Cedar and redwood are the most common wood species used for roofing, and the split stems of bamboo are laid in an alternate pattern. In areas with abundant timber resources, wooden shingles are used. Certain types of trees even produce bark for roofing.

Another common sign of water leakage is rotting of the sheathing of the roof. To test for this, check the attic area with a flashlight and press on any darkened sheathing. If the wood gives or cracks easily, this indicates that the roof is compromised. It is time to replace the roof. You can find some inexpensive methods to replace your old roofing materials. A simple hammer can help you test the integrity of the attic sheathing.